Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany German Bundesrepublik Deutschland, listen help info , is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes constituent states, covers an area of , square kilometres , sq mi , a.Germany, country of north central Europe. Although Germany existed as a loose polity of Germanic speaking peoples for millennia, a united German nation in roughly its present form dates only to . Modern Germany is a liberal democracy that has become .